Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari wants the world to engage the Taliban, warning of dangerous consequences if Afghanistan’s rulers were again isolated. In an interview with AFP on a visit to Washington, Bilawal cautioned against creating “parallel governance” after the United States, distrustful of the Taliban, put Afghanistan’s frozen assets in a professional fund in Switzerland. “We’ve learned from the past that when we wash our hands and turn our backs, we end up creating unintended consequences and more problems for ourselves,” he said on Tuesday. “I believe that our concerns of an economic collapse, of an exodus of refugees, of a threat of new recruits for organisations such as ISIS-K and others, outweigh concerns that there may be about their financial institutions.” In contrast to some previous Pakistani officials, the foreign minister offered no warm words for the Taliban. But he said they needed “political space” on concerns such as women’s rights, which have been sharply curtailed. “Throughout history, theocratic, autocratic regimes haven’t exactly tended to expand rights at times of economic strife,” he said. “In fact, they tend to hold on to cultural issues and other issues to engage their population.” The United States came away unpersuaded from a series of talks with the Taliban and in August said they had violated promises by welcoming Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was found at a house in Kabul and killed in a US strike. At a meeting on Monday, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken promised long-term support to flood-hit Pakistan. The top US diplomat also called on Islamabad to ask China to restructure debt accumulated as Beijing builds billions of dollars of infrastructure in a quest for Indian Ocean port access. Asked about Blinken’s remarks, Bilawal said he has had “very productive conversations” with China and said he hoped that assistance after the historic floods “does not fall prey to great power rivalries and geostrategic issues.” “I’m sure that the United States would like for us to comment more on China’s internal affairs,” Bilawal said. “But maybe if we start by addressing disputes that are recognised by bodies such as the United Nations as disputes of an international nature, that would be more productive.” He was referring to Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK). Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, a Hindu nationalist, in 2019 stripped Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir of its historic autonomy and opened the way for other Indian citizens to live there. The foreign minister recalled that when his Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) was in power in 2010, it moved to open trade with India, then led by prime minister Manmohan Singh. “We were willing to take the political risk, stick our necks on the line, and touch the third rail of Pakistani politics — but because we knew that there was a rational, reasonable player on the other end who would perhaps be willing to reciprocate,” Bilawal said. “Unfortunately, that space does not exist today. It’s a very different India,” he added.