In many cultures around the world newborn babies are swaddled to help them settle and fall asleep. Parents are in need to be warned about the risks and after effects of wrapping their little ones too tight, as the practice has the real potential to do more harm than good.Many researches have proved that infants whose hips were normal at birth may develop hip dysplasia and joint stiffness because of improper swaddling during infancy. Improper swaddling is closely fitted wrapping the baby with the legs straight out and pressed together in a tight bundle. After birth, swaddling a newborn too tightly around the hips also can sometimes cause developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). I still remember a case while working as Pediatric Registrar in child clinics. Parents of one baby girl learnt the hard way with their daughter, who was born as other normal babies. Mother of the child noticed her little girl was walking differently to other toddlers around her age and had a bit of limp, but she didn’t think too much of it. That was until child was diagnosed with hip dysplasia as a toddler. History revealed a tight swaddling at an infancy. Major causes of dysplasia, joint stiffness and joint dislocation in infants may include incorrect and tight swaddling. The condition can be difficult for parents to detect because the babies are not usually in any pain or major discomfort at time, but signs include a strong curve in baby’s lower back, asymmetrical buttock crumples and the child’s hip clicking, cracking or popping.Unfortunately, we are wrapping our newborns in extended position and tightened up in traditional colored ropes with their legs tightly together and hands extended like a mummy. This posture may compromise newborns’ circulatory, respiratory, locomotor and musculoskeletal system. Swaddling a baby tightly in our traditional ways may put a baby in a state of indigestion leading to repeated vomiting and poor weight gain and overall growth. Traditional swaddling should be avoided due to the stress it can place on an infant’s hips. As a pediatrician and a public health specialist I would suggest parents not to swaddle your young ones and let them breathe in fresh air and let their joints grow and snuffle freelyRespiratory system is one of the most important systems for a newborn. Tight clothing and firmly wrapped up babies have difficulty in breathing which may lead to poor oxygenation to organs, amongst the most important is brain. If the brain functions are compromised, overall growth, intelligence, physical health of the baby is affected badly. In future life these problems may cause catastrophic effects on baby’s overall growth and development. We should keep in mind that tight swaddling doesn’t work to keep babies calm, majority of babies will kick and struggle against the constraint. Most of babies will often “let their parents know” they are not comfortable with swaddling by kicking and resisting. If baby persistently trying to turn over onto her belly when sleeping, swaddling is more dangerous in that case due to a significant increase in the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). A recent research proved that Swaddling as a risk of SIDS, seemed to vary according to sleep position and baby’s age. The risk associated with infant being placed in the side position almost doubled among swaddled infants. We already know that being found prone is strongly associated with SIDS, but this risk increased fourfold among the swaddled infants. A number of swaddled SIDS cases has been noticed where infants were found prone either moved into this position after being placed on their side or they were older infants who rolled from the supine to the prone position. SO, the risk of SIDS linked to swaddling seemed to increase in older infants.As a pediatrician and a public health specialist I would suggest parents not to swaddle your young ones and let them breathe in fresh air and let their joints grow and snuffle freely. In many cultures and traditional domains, the community won’t eaccept young ones without being swaddled. If at any cost you want to swaddle your baby than keep them in maximum comfortable position allowing them to breath comfortably and able to flex their limbs. Place your baby in the cot on his or her back to sleep while swaddled. Sleeping swaddled and on their belly can increase a baby’s risk of SIDS significantly. Use a light cotton-made bedding and blanket that is breathable and not liable to cause sweatiness and overheating. Don’t cover your baby’s face. This can lead to overheating or suffocation. Don’t wrap too tightly. Swaddling too snugly and tightly may put babies at risk for sweating, overheating, decreased circulation and over-extension of their hips and knees. Make sure their arms are comfortably close to their sides, wrap the baby from below their neck to avoid covering their face, the wrap should not be too tight and must allow for movement of the baby’s hips and chest. Avoid wrapping their legs tightly together, modify the wrap to meet the baby’s developmental changes. At the age of four to six months when baby is able to roll from their back to their tummy and then onto their back again during supervised play, the use of a wrap should be stopped. When swaddled, a baby should still have enough space for the movement of legs, with hips and knees bent slightly and turned out.By the time a baby is about one month old, swaddling should be stopped or kept to a minimum so as not to impede development or limit a baby’s increasing mobility.The writer is an M.B.B.S, SMLE, MPH, MCPS, MRCPCH-UK (Scholar).He is from Pakistan currently practicing in Madina Munawara, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Published in Daily Times, March 1st 2019.