Staff Report ISLAMABAD: The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to utilise mobile technology for the empowerment of the young refugee population residing in Pakistan.The partnership will utilise U-Report PakAvaz, UNICEF’s flagship innovative mobile-based social monitoring tool, to empower young people and residents and strengthen community development and citizens’ engagements through the SMS technology. Pakistan continues to host approximately 1.3 million Afghan nationals, one of the largest protracted refugee situation in the world today.Currently, around two-thirds of the total population resides in (semi-) urban areas across Pakistan, while the remaining one-third lives in 54 refugee villages. Most of these refugees are second or third generation children and youth born in Pakistan. Figures show that 64% of the Afghan refugee population are under the age of 25 (with children under the age of 18 constituting over half of the population), and 25% are youth between the ages 18-24.The growing ubiquity of mobile phones in the developing world is unlocking tremendous opportunities to amplify voices of young people; information and communication technologies. The mobile phones empower local communities to participate in policy-making, governance and access to information on key social issues. This global initiative – U-Report PakAvaz – has more than 2.8 million active users in over 28 countries globally, including Pakistan.As many refugee youth have cell phones and are connected to media, the U-Report PakAvaz’s platform creates a space for young refugees to have a voice and develop leadership and empowerment opportunities for the youth in their community.UNICEF representative Angela Kearney said that through this collaboration, the UN agency has high hopes in the potential of U-Report PakAvaz for the young refugees in Pakistan. “We are in a country with one of the largest population of young people. This collaboration with UNHCR will make visible the need and issues of young refugees in the areas of health, education, protection, water sanitation and hygiene and social welfare through the use of technology and mobile phones,” she said.UNHCR representative Indrika Ratwatte noted that about 64% of young Afghan refugees were under the age of 25 in Pakistan. “In order to respond to rising needs, communicating with this demographic is crucial. Empowered youth are agents of change and U-Report PakAvaz is an important platform to hear voices of young people that will enable us to do our work better,” he said.Young people can report on the issues related to their communities through SMS, Twitter and Facebook. Relevant reports will be sent to decision makers at different levels to advocate for improvements of services and highlight key issues to reduce the distance between citizens, refugees and decision makers. Furthermore, this will enable refugee youth to become active participants in their communities, communicating challenges and being part of solutions.Both UNICEF and UNHCR will work with telecom providers, community partners, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and youth-led networks to create a network of refugee U-Reporters in Pakistan. The platform relies on volunteer community members, mostly young people – primarily between the ages of 10-25 years serving as U-Reporters. Weekly SMS messages and polls are sent out to the community of the U-Reporters, who respond to the polls and exchange views on a wide range of subjects.