The Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) smoothly crossed the psychological barrier of 60,000 points during the early trading hours of Tuesday. The gains came due to rich individuals and institutional investors making significant new investments in expectation of deep cuts in interest rates and the availability of stocks at low prices. The PSX benchmark KSE-100 Index hit a new all-time high level of 60,745 points, rising by 1.56% or 934 points before mid-day from Monday’s close at 59,811 points. Penny stocks were the volume leader in the rally including textile, technology, food, bank and steel stocks. Arif Habib Limited Head of Research Tahir Abbas said: “The high expectation for a deep 7% cut in the key policy rate (interest rate) by the State Bank of Pakistan over the one-year agreed investors to take new possessions”. “The central bank is expected to cut its key policy rate to 15% by December 2024 from record high 22% at present…ahead of a potential deceleration in inflation reading next year,” he added Abbas mentioned that the interest rate cut expectations have made rich individuals and institutional investors relocate their investments to the stock market from fixed-income instruments these days. Topline Securities CEO Muhammad Sohail said in a comment on X (formerly Twitter) that the PSX is breaking records and the development is “still not surprising.” The market has gained 50% in only five months to over 60,000 points from 40,000 points. “This is the fastest 50% rise in a few months after 2004,” he wrote. “When you have an unbelievably low valuation, a price-to-earnings ratio of 3-4%, such recovery is not at all surprising,” Sohail further commented.