The proponents of a weak Pakistan opine that the societal divide on ethnic and sectarian lines, skewed educational system and rampant corruption have reinforced imbalances within the society. While, the advocates of a strong resilient Pakistan are confident about the country’s future. William Darlymple in one of his articles “Pakistan Reborn” argues: “Pakistan is passing through tough times, with economic and educational problems, inequalities at the societal level … despite these odds, the country is not likely to fall apart.” The Pakistani society over the years has evolved. The industry, roads and communication links, a modern banking system, labour force, a growing middle class and vibrant media offer an optimistic picture. The participation of middle class in the country’s politics is a step towards merit oriented political culture. On the religious front, the Sufi teachings of peace and tolerance still continue to be a part of the lives of many Pakistanis. The country also has charitable organizations, committed to the welfare of the poor. On the whole, the Pakistani society represents a balanced outlook. Anatol Lieven, in his book Pakistan: A Hard Country opines that “despite the set-back Pakistan had during 1971 war, the people of Pakistan did not give up and they continued with their struggle to live and prosper. It is this resilience which has kept the people of Pakistan going. Lieven asserts that Pakistan is not a failed state, and Pakistan is neither Afghanistan, nor Chechnya or Somalia.” Indian journalist M.J. Akbar calls “Pakistan a ‘jelly state’; one which is quivering, unlike butter, it won’t melt and disappear.” Pakistan has been through hard times, has fought wars; whether, it was the Siachen invasion, the Indian nuclear posture or the threatening tone to “run Pakistan dry”. Today, voices are being raised against the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). CPEC is meant to connect China with Arabian Sea via Pakistan through its West part in Pakistan Gwadar. Pakistan too would gain because of this investment by China in particular, and other countries who would trade through Gwadar seaport with Middle East, Africa and to the Central Asian states and Russia. Since it will give financial advantages to China and Pakistan, and develop Balochistan therefore, it is being opposed by some political players, who rival China, and Pakistan. The acts of terrorism committed by India in Jammu and Kashmir are a violation of humanity The argument that Pakistan has not been able to combat the militant threat is a tactic employed by hostile elements to justify their extremist acts and wrong doings. The acts of terrorism committed by Indian security forces in Jammu and Kashmir are a violation of humanity. Prime Minister Imran Khan letter to his Indian counterpart to resume talks, India initially agreed and a meeting between Foreign Ministers of the two countries was planned in New York, on the sidelines of UN General Assembly. Later, India backed out, and terrorism was cited a major concern. In recent firing in Shadimarg area of Pulwama district, a pregnant woman was shot by Indian troops. The killing has been condemned by the Joint Resistance Leadership comprising Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Muhammad Yasin Malik. The leadership has called upon the international community to help the Kashmiris in their just cause. In another incident, the Indian troops attacked three journalists in Nawab Bazar area of Srinagar. The Kashmiris struggle for their right of self-determination is a just cause, and needs to be resolved in light of the UN Security Council resolutions. Pakistan as a nation has fought back belligerence, militancy (and has also stood up against natural calamities). But the extremist tendencies at the regional level are the outcome of the conflicting approaches of political players. The war on terror fought in Afghanistan, has furthered the differences between India and Pakistan; India doubts Pakistan’s anti-terrorist drive while Pakistan is sceptical of Indian ingress in Afghanistan. In line with the present day realities, the need is to think from a regional perspective, the regional states need to give up their differences and open up for cooperation. Pakistan’s membership of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Pakistan-Russia relations and CPEC signify the country’s regional positioning. However, to make the Pakistani society more tolerant, united and just, the issue of corruption needs to be addressed. Besides, to emerge strong regionally and globally, Pakistan must improve its economy, built dams and energy houses, and keep strengthening its Armed Forces. The writer is Researcher at Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI) Published in Daily Times, November 6th 2018.