The Netherlands said on Friday it would take Russia to the European Court of Human Rights for its role in bringing down Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 over Ukraine, killing nearly 300 people. The Dutch government’s move is designed to support cases brought by the relatives of dozens of victims to the Strasbourg-based court, Foreign Minister Stef Blok said. The Boeing 777 travelling from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur was blown out of the sky by a surface-to-air missile fired from rebel-held eastern Ukraine on July 17, 2014. “Achieving justice for the 298 victims of the downing of flight MH17 is and will remain the government’s highest priority,” Blok said in a statement. “By taking this step today, bringing a case before the ECHR and thus supporting the applications by the next of kin as much as we can, we are moving closer to this goal.” Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said at his weekly press conference that Blok had informed Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov of the move. There was no immediate reaction from Moscow. The lawsuit is a rare example of one state taking another to the European Court of Human Rights, with just 24 such cases since 1953. Ten of those so-called “inter-state” cases involve Russia. Most cases are brought by individuals or groups, such as the one lodged by the relatives of at least 65 Dutch MH17 victims in 2018. Their complaint demanded that Russia take responsibility for the incident. Both the Netherlands and Australia have previously said they hold Russia responsible for shooting down the plane. ‘Relevant information’ The Netherlands would share all “available and relevant information about the downing of flight MH17” with the court, Blok said, adding the complaint would represent “all 298 victims, of 17 different nationalities”. The Dutch will also inform the UN Security Council about the move, he said. Friday’s announcement adds to legal pressure on Moscow after the Dutch criminal trial in absentia of four suspects opened just outside Schiphol airport from where the ill-fated flight took off.