THE release of two pages from President Trump’s 2005 tax returns didn’t show much. But they did show just how much Trump – and other super-rich Americans – would benefit from his proposed tax plan. Donald and Melania Trump earned about $150 million in 2005, putting them in the top 1 percent of income earners for the year. Yet the Trumps didn’t pay as much in taxes as their rich peers. The effective tax rate (that is, a household’s true tax liability, as opposed to what they owe on paper) in 2005 was 31.2 percent, but the Trumps paid only about 25 percent of their income that year, some $38 million. This rate was five percentage points lower than other millionaires and similar to what families making around $250,000 paid in 2005. So how did Trump take advantage of the tax code – and how will he and other wealthy people benefit from his new tax plan? First, Trump reported capital gains of over $32 million in 2005. The Republican’s American Health Care Act (AHCA) would lower the surtax on investment income by close to four percentage points. The Tax Policy Center estimates that the United States’ richest households would get an average tax cut of $24,800 from the repeal of the Affordable Care Act, while the vast majority of Americans (those making less than $208,000) would receive nothing. Second, most of Trump’s income in 2005 would have been taxed at the highest tax rate, then 35 percent.