Climate change is an international issue that is becoming pricklier by the day. It has generated widespread researches and discussions across the world to understand and tackle it. NASA reported that the earth’s temperature has increased by 1oF. Although this is noticeable increase, the rueful results are an eye opener. Long droughts, heat waves and vigorous hurricanes are all products of this slight but significant change in the temperature. Greenhouse gases are known to be vital contributor of the increase in the temperature as they retain the heat on the earth’s surface. Greenhouse gases such as water vapour, carbon dioxide and methane form a blanket on the earth, making it warmer than it would otherwise be. Other climate factors include particles and aerosols which are emitted into the atmosphere mainly due to human activities such as burning of fossil fuels. It’s alarming to note that number and range of species which establish biodiversity are expected to diminish. The loss of biodiversity could have many adverse impacts on ecosystems and humanity worldwide. The food chain may greatly be impacted which will not only affect the ecosystem but also humanity’s capability to cater to feeding the ever growing population. Some plants are the key in creation of medicine and extinction would risk the production. Eventually, fresh water will decrease in quantity. If the Quelccaya ice cap in Peru continues to melt, it will be gone by 2100. This will leave thousands of people who are dependent on it for drinking water and electricity without an origin. According to Germanwatch, Pakistan is the seventh most endangered country in terms of climate change Global Climate Risk Index 2018 report also confirmed that underdeveloped countries are most exposed to this happening. German watch claims that Pakistan is 7th most endangered country in terms of climate change effects with a death toll of 523. According to the survey Focus Humanitarian Assistance (FCA), the four areas that are in jeopardy are Chitral, Ghizer, Hunza and Nager. There are 620 villages in this area and out of which 20 per cent are in peril to multiple natural hazards. Similarly, 600 out of 1,312 schools are location in such areas. Prayer halls and health units are also located in multiple hazard zones that are at medium to high risk. In Pakistan, 80 percent of the economy is formed by agriculture. It can be said that agriculture is the backbone of Pakistan. Agriculture department is most sensitive to climate change as it gets affected by untimely rainfalls and extreme temperatures. The July 2010 floods which were due to unusual monsoon rainfalls destroyed livelihood of 20 million people as homes and infrastructure was wiped away. These floods also gave birth to malnutrition and several waterborne diseases. Restoring the change is very important and measures can be taken to do so. In Beijing, Dutch artist and designer have designed a ‘Smog Free Tower’. The tower uses positive ionized process and collects tiny particles from the air to filter them out. The particles collected are mostly carbon. The artist has come up with a unique and creative idea to convert the carbon into diamonds using high pressures. It can be said that this tower is the largest smog vacuum cleaner. Although poor or developing countries contribute least to greenhouse gas emissions, their populations are at the greater risk from climate change effects. Therefore, every country of the world needs to play its role to protect the environment as climate change is now a globalised phenomenon. Pakistan also makes a minuscule input to total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions but it is at a much higher risk to face the vagaries of climate change. The country has very low technical and financial capacity to adapt to its adverse impacts. In Pakistan, the National Climate Change Policy was launched in 2012 which provides a framework for addressing the issues that the country faces or will face in future due to the changing climate. It has ten main goals which include the dire need to pursue sustained economic growth by appropriately addressing the challenges of climate change; to integrate climate change policy with other inter-related national policies, to focus on pro-poor gender sensitive adaptation while also promoting mitigation to the extent possible in a cost-effective manner; to ensure water security, food security and energy security of the country in the face of the challenges posed by climate change. The goals also include minimisation of the risks arising from the expected increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and tropical storms, strengthening of inter-ministerial decision-making and coordination mechanisms on climate change, facilitation of effective use of the opportunities, particularly financial, available both nationally and internationally among others. This is a good policy but the blame lies with the administration for lackadaisical implementation of key measures of the plan. The writer is a student at the Lahore School of Economics Published in Daily Times, December 28th 2017.