A recent Peshawar High Court ruling on Afghan refugees and their businesses activities is a sad reflection on how dismally Pakistan’s state institutions have failed to devise laws and regulations on an issue that the state has faced since early 1980s. The Court comprising Justice Lal Jan Khattak and Justice Mohammad Naeem Anwar has directed ministries of interior, defence, State and Frontier Regions and the KP government through chief and home secretaries to regulate the life and work of Afghan refugees in the country and deport illegal refugees.The bench, nevertheless, ruled out direct action on the issue, saying only the respondents should take appropriate and legal action under the law against the refugees and their businesses.The ruling actually calls out all relevant institutions for their inaction and gross indifference to an issue that keeps giving birth to negative stories and leads to occasional tensions in bilateral relations. Both Pakistan and Afghanistan still don’t have a double taxation avoidance agreement. Afghans living here cannot form companies or buy property. Neither can they open bank accounts. Afghan importers are required to pay up in advance for purchases in Pakistan and don’t enjoy the Letter of Credit facility here.They also face uncertainty and delays at Karachi port for their cargo under the transit trade. They also have to pay higher insurance premiums because the Pakistan Customs places a higher value on their cargo. Afghan containers, traders complain, are also subjected to unfair and high-handed inspection (to force them into graft). That is why the Afghan transit trade and imports via Karachi has gone down by several thousand containers per year. Much of the cargo has shifted to Chabahar, Iran because of quick clearance and no corrupt practices involved.An Electronic Data Exchange agreement, Afghan traders say, is already ready but not in force, they point out.Complaints by Afghan traders also resonated at a recent business-to-business (B2B) event in Dubai. Organised by Pakistan Afghanistan Joint Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PAJCCI), the event attracted some 50 businessmen/investors from both sides.The Afghan participants identified restrictive visa regimes, tariff barriers, customs regulations and significant procedural/administrative hindrances in the way of safe and speedy transfer of goods between both countries. This leads to various kinds of damages – particularly perishable items – as well as demurrage changes due to delays in clearance at Karachi port.They also pointed out limited opportunities for joint business ventures and investment beyond base-level trade in goods and services and issues of double-taxation and facilitating policies for joint business ventures and investment.“We should stop frustrating the Afghan counterparts. We have a bundle of complaints from the Afghan side and it is absolutely necessary for Pakistani government to spell out as to whether we are interested in the transit trade at all,” said PAJCCI chairman Zubair Motiwala. Unnecessary delays, ambiguous procedural requirements are hurting both our industrial export to Afghanistan as well as the Afghan transit trade, he pointed out.Secondly, he pointed out, the banking channels must treat Afghan importers/exporters at a par with those from other countries. Bank Alfalah is ready to help out on the LC issue, if the government permits it. Some 17% sales tax on textiles, a big export item to Afghanistan, and obstacles in way of refunds of these taxes (because of cash payments) may shift the Afghan textiles demand to India.Thirdly, exports from Pakistan can only be increased if the government can work enthusiastically. We can counter Indian lobbying in Afghanistan but cannot counter negative consequences of a restrictive and discouraging visa regime.The bilateral trade, the traders pointed out, could soar to $7 billion if the environment were enabling and free of politics.Quite strange that countries world over welcome funds from abroad – hardly asking about the sources of funding. But in Pakistan, the civil-military bureaucracies are pursuing policies that have, and are, hounding Afghan traders and importers. Officials simply don’t take into account the negative consequences of their policies for the country.The visa section in Pakistan’s embassy in Kabul has, for example, been closed for nearly month after harassment of our diplomats.The cost of this decision on business is enormous; no visa means several thousand Afghans – small businessmen, vendors, patients, students, family relatives – are unable to travel to Pakistan. And this means denial of potential revenues to hospitals, educational institutions, transporters. Peshawar’s hospitals have already lost more than 50 percent of their businesses since Pakistan introduced compulsory visa in June 2016.Until Pakistan’s government and the military establishment start looking at these issues through the economic prism for a cost-benefit analysis, it will keep bruising the image of Pakistan as well as hurting national economic interests. Act now and stop hiding behind the pretext of security.