Whether it’s a public rally, floor of the Parliament or any International forum, I always found brave Benazir Bhutto eloquently defending the above mentioned.
“The fundamental ethos of Islam is tolerance, dialogue, and democracy. Just as in Christianity and Judaism, we must always be on guard for those who will exploit and manipulate the Holy Book for their own narrow political ends, who will distort the essence of pluralism and tolerance for their own extremist agendas. To those who claim to speak for Islam but who would deny women their place in the society.
I say: The ethos of Islam is equality – equality between the sexes. There is no religion on earth that, in its writing and teachings, is more respectful of the role of women in society than Islam.
As the elected woman prime minister of a great Muslim country, it is testament to the commitment of Islam to the role of women in society. It is this tradition of Islam that has empowered me, has strengthened me, and has emboldened me. It was this heritage that sustained me during the most difficult points in my life, for Islam forbids injustice; injustice against people, against nations, against women.
It denounces inequality as the gravest form of injustice. It enjoins its followers to combat oppression and tyranny. It enshrines piety as the sole criteria for judging humankind. It shuns race, colour, and gender as a basis of distinction amongst fellowmen. When the human spirit was immersed in the darkness of the Middle Ages, Islam proclaimed equality between men and women. When women were viewed as inferior members of the human family, Islam gave them respect and dignity. When women were treated as chattels, the Prophet of Islam Pbuh accepted them as equal partners. Islam codified the rights of women. The Quran elated their status to that of men. It guaranteed their civic, economic, and political rights. It recognised their participative role in nation building.
We have learned that democracy alone is not enough. Freedom of choice alone does not guarantee justice. Equal rights are not defined only by political values.
Sadly, the Islamic tenets regarding women were soon discarded. In Islamic society, as in other parts of the world, their rights were denied. Women were maltreated, discriminated against, and subjected to violence and oppression, their dignity injured and their role denied. Women became the victims of a culture of exclusion and male dominance. Today more women than men suffer from poverty, deprivation, and discrimination. Half a billion women are illiterate. Seventy percent of the children who are denied elementary education are girls. The plight of women in the developing countries is unspeakable. Hunger, disease, and unremitting toil are their fate. Weak economic growth and inadequate social support systems affect them most seriously and directly.They are the primary victims of structural adjustment processes which necessitate reduced state funding for health, education, medical care, and nutrition. Curtailed resource flows to these vital areas impact most severely on the vulnerable groups, particularly women and children. It offends my religion. It offends my sense of justice and equity.
Above all, it offends common sense.
That is why Pakistan, the women of Pakistan, and I personally have been fully engaged in recent international efforts to uphold women’s rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights enjoins the elimination of discrimination against women. Women cannot be expected to struggle alone against the forces of discrimination and exploitation.
I recall the words of Dante, who reminded us that
“The hottest place in Hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in times of moral crisis.”
Today in this world, in the fight for the liberation of women, there can be no neutrality. My spirit carries many a scar of a long and lonely battle against dictatorship and tyranny. I witnessed, at a young age, the overthrow of democracy, the assassination of an elected prime minister, and a systematic assault against the very foundations of a free society. But our faith in democracy was not broken. The will of our people prevailed against the forces of dictatorship.
We have learned that democracy alone is not enough. Freedom of choice alone does not guarantee justice. Equal rights are not defined only by political values. Social justice is a triad of freedom, an equation of liberty:
Justice is political liberty.
Justice is economic independence.
Justice is social equality.
The child who is starving has no human rights.
The girl who is illiterate has no future.
The woman who cannot plan her life, plan her family, plan a career, is fundamentally not free….
I dream of a Pakistan in which women contribute to their full potential. I am conscious of the struggle that lies ahead.”
These words were spoken twenty two years ago. She left us ten years ago. I can only eulogise the life of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, nothing less.
The writer is a traveller and freelance writer based in UK. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org