Flooding in southern Iran has killed at least 21 people and left others missing following heavy rainfall in the largely arid country, state media reported on Saturday. Iran has endured repeated droughts over the past decade, but also regular floods, a phenomenon made worse when torrential rain falls on sun-baked earth. Videos posted on local and social media showed vehicles being carried away by the rising waters of the Roodball river in the southern province of Fars. One video showed adults pulling a child from a car as it began to shift downstream. “Twenty-one people were killed and two are still missing,” in the floods that affected several towns in and around Estahban county, Hossein Darvishi, provincial head of the Red Crescent Society, was quoted as saying by state TV. The governor of Estahban, Yousef Kargar, said “around 5:00pm yesterday, heavy rains … in the central parts of Estahban County led to flooding,” according to state news agency IRNA. The incident happened 174 kilometres (108 miles) east of the provincial capital Shiraz on a summer weekend in Iran, when families tend to head to cooler areas such as rivers, lakes and valleys. “A number of local people and sightseers (from other areas) who had gone to the riverside and were present in the river bed were caught in the flood due to the rise in the water level,” Kargar added. Iran’s First Vice President Mohammad Mokhber called on the governor of Fars province to open an investigation into the incident and “to compensate the families of the victims,” according to IRNA. Photos released by Iran’s Red Crescent Society showed rescue workers walking on cracked dry soil while others searched among reeds. In 2019, heavy rains in the country’s south left at least 76 people dead and caused damage estimated at more than $2 billion. In January, two people were initially reported killed in flash flooding in Fars when heavy rains hit the area, but the toll rose to at least eight there and elsewhere in Iran’s south. Like other nearby countries, Iran has suffered chronic dry spells and heat waves for years, and these are expected to worsen. Scientists say climate change amplifies extreme weather, including droughts as well as the potential for the increased intensity of rain storms. In the last few months, Iran has seen demonstrations against the drying up of rivers, particularly in central and southwestern areas. Last November, tens of thousands of people gathered in the parched riverbed of the country’s Zayandeh Rood river, which runs through the central city of Isfahan, to complain about drought and condemn officials for diverting water. Security forces fired tear gas when the protest turned violent and said they arrested 67 people. Last week, official media said Iranian police had arrested several suspects for disturbing security after they protested against the drying up of a lake once regarded as the Middle East’s largest. Lake Urmia, in the mountains of northwest Iran, began shrinking in 1995 due to a combination of prolonged drought and the extraction of water for farming and dams, according to the UN Environment Programme. In neighbouring Iraq in December, 12 people died in flash floods that swept through the north of that country following a severe drought.