The government has devised a comprehensive plan for agriculture Modernization to enhance agriculture productivity on modern lines and help promote overall economic growth of the country. The National Action Plan specially has focus on capacity building, germplasm resources, agricultural product processing, agricultural technology extension, fishery science and technology, aquaculture, and aquatic product processing, official sources said. The action plan also includes establishment of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) free zones, market information and agricultural trade and cooperation for agricultural development. According to official document, other initiatives proposed for fiscal year 2022-23 in agriculture sector include, corporate agriculture farming, deceleration of FMD Free Zones and local production of FMD vaccines and mechanization harvesting and post harvesting processes. Agriculture sector, the backbone of country’s economy is expected to grow by 3.9pc during the upcoming fiscal year (2022-23). However, the projected agriculture growth performance at 3.9pc would mainly contingent upon revival of cotton and wheat production, consistent availability of water, certified seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and agriculture credit facilities. Revival of both these crops would not only support growth momentum but will also ease out Balance of Payment pressures through lesser import requirements. It is pertinent to mention here that during the current fiscal year, agriculture sector exceeded its envisaged targets of Annual Plan 2021-22 (3.5pc) given the strong crop sector performance. Agriculture sector posted growth of 4.4pc against the last year growth of 3.5pc. The Production of important crops including sugarcane, rice and maize crops achieved record production with impressive increase in per acre yield. Although, cotton production remained below target during 2021-22, however, it was 17.9pc greater than the crop output of last year. Keeping in view almost 7pc reduction in area under cultivation, the performance of cotton crop is also impressive. However, wheat yield was affected by urea availability and disruptions in irrigation water supply, increase in rust prevalence and high temperatures in the last fortnight of March (heat wave), according to the document. Meanwhile, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) had assigned annual indicative agricultural credit disbursement target of Rs1,700b for 2021-22, which was 24.5pc higher than last year’s disbursement of Rs1,366b. During the July-March 2021-22, agriculture credit of Rs958b has been disbursed, which is fractionally higher than the disbursements during the comparable period of last year.On the other hand, private investment in the crop sector of agriculture registered high double-digit growth of 25.6pc which is close to 26pc real growth in the crop sector attracted last year. Public sector investment inched up to, while private sector investment share in GDP remained stationary at 10pc level, the document added.