The local Fertiliser Industry is providing urea at around 84pc discount, equivalent to Rs 9,823 per bag and is expected to enable import substitution of USD 5.3bn in 2022. Discussing the latest business results and future outlook in first quarter analyst briefing, Imran Ahmed – Chief Financial Officer of Engro Fertilisers shared that the Fertiliser sector is passing on a benefit of Rs 900bn per annum to farmers through the provision of urea at significant discount to current global prices. Over the last 10 years, the industry is passed on benefit of over Rs 1.4 trillion to the farmers through lower urea prices. This amount is four times higher the benefit that industry has received through gas pricing under the Fertiliser Policy 2001. At the same time, the industry has been playing a significant role towards reducing the country’s trade and fiscal deficit as the country is self-sufficient in urea production. In the last annual general meeting of the Company, shareholders expressed concerns over the sharp disparity between international and local urea prices. Shareholders further added that the company has been losing shareholders’ value by pricing urea at a significant discount to import parity. Imran Ahmed emphasized that urea demand has increased by 17pc in Q1 2022 compared to the same period last year. The Company’s research indicates that, as per crop mix and cultivated area for the first quarter, there has been an estimated increase of 2percent in agronomic demand. He added that this situation may in part be due to advance buying by the farmers, but also indicates a strong probability of product movement across border emanating from significant disparity among local and international urea prices. Imran also highlighted the challenges faced by Fertiliser industry, including recoveries of outstanding subsidy and sales tax receivables from the Government, dis-allowances made under Income & Sales Tax for sales to unregistered dealers, and FBR clarification on Concessionary custom duty withdrawing the concession / relief given earlier. He also stated that continued Government support would be required to resolve these pressing matters, which will allow Engro Fertilisers to continue to play its role in transforming the agricultural landscape of Pakistan and to ensure long-term food security of Pakistan.