The speakers at a webinar on “Non-traditional security challenges- energy and environment crises” organized by the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) Saturday has urged upon the need to give an equal importance to the country’s non-traditional security challenges such as energy and environment crises to ensure our national security. They were of the view that traditional security challenges were being well tackled by our security apparatus appropriately. “Now by tackling energy and environmental crises as non-traditional security challenges as a nation, we may boost our overall national security paradigm.” The key speakers at the webinar included Muhammad Irfan Tariq, Director General Environment and Climate Change, Ambassador Shafqat Kakakhel- former Executive Director of UNEP and Chairperson of the Board of Governors of SDPI, Dr. Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Executive Director SDPI, Mirza Sadaqat Huda- Policy Analyst, Ermeena Asad Malik- Consultant World Bank & Energy Expert and Dr Hina Aslam, Associate Research Fellow energy. Shafqat Kakakhel said that the nexus among climate change, energy and security was very well established. The non-traditional challenges- energy and environment crises- may troll the development. Since the industrial revolution, it brought revolution from rural to urban, from artesian based industry to big industries, from very difficult life conditions in Europe and North America where winters were seen as a punishment but energy conquered the harsh weather and also helped in improving health conditions. Initially there was a tremendous happiness and everyday efforts were made to create more sources of energy but then somewhere in the 1980s, climatologists realized that there were changes in the climate pattern (global warming) induced by humans and use of fossil fuels He highlighted the efforts of scientists and different meteorological organizations, UNEP, eventually led to a political consensus on the need for actions and cooperation to handle climate change as a new threat to the international community. Right from the beginning, the nexus between the energy and security was recognized and the emphasis was put on cleaner energy. He said the non-traditional security threat in terms of climate change could be countered if we went for renewable and clean energy which would also address the energy shortages in Pakistan which we had been experiencing since 2008. Thousands of factories had to be closed, schools and hospitals could not function and life became very difficult and the government had to resort to desperate moves including the use of coal-based energy. But we have begun to realize that the solution of the environmental and climate change crises is in not abandoning energy but in developing and deploying clean and renewable energy, he added. Ambassador Kakakhel said that the government’s efforts over the past several decades, particularly the clean energy and renewable energy policy of 2006 and now more recently the new energy policy, would change the entire system of how energy projects are agreed, decided and financed. The Prime minister while addressing the climate ambition summit had already promised that in a few decades Pakistan would get 60% of its energy from clean sources. The government is planning to introduce electric vehicles/public transport which needs high efforts to translate it practically. Muhammad Irfan Tariq, DG Environment/Climate Change said that the non-traditional security threats were there but they were neglected or not seen through policy lenses. “We see the threats being imposed by climate change and environment very clearly. I hope everyone can understand the linkage between development and nature. COVID-19, Dengue and GLOF proved that we have disrupted nature and we need to bring it back in its natural form. We face a very serious threat because the sources we use are highly impacted by climate change and when we talk about hydro, it not only threatens our energy security but also poses serious threat to water and food security. So, I will consider climate change a security threat to our energy security and that’s why we have vision and plans to move to renewable energy and it will hopefully lead us to energy security,” he added. He said the government has an articulated climate action agenda in terms of the Ten Billion Tsunami Plantation Project. He shared that the National Adaptation Plan was also in place to face the climate and other non-traditional security threats to the country. Dr Abid Qayyum Suleri emphasized the need for efforts to deal with energy crisis in a manner that would also help in addressing climate change crisis as both were intertwined and added to non-traditional security challenges which also include food security, human security and other spectrum of non-traditional security. He was of the view that the government was giving priority to energy and environmental crises. “There is a need to introduce small hydro and solar energy in the remote areas where there is energy shortage,” he added. He said the government by strengthening institutional mechanisms on energy and environmental challenges, well thought out adaptation plans and introduction of clean technologies could add value to the efforts in combating the non-traditional security challenges.