The Supreme Court (SC) on Monday issued notices to all advocate generals and national and provincial assemblies’ speakers over the presidential reference seeking apex court’s guidance on holding Senate polls through open ballot. The presidential reference was filed by Attorney General of Pakistan (AGP) Khalid Javed Khan, under Article 186 of the constitution, invoking the court’s advisory jurisdiction. The reference sought an interpretation of Article 226 that stated that all elections under the constitution, other than those of the prime minister and chief ministers, shall be held through a secret ballot. During the proceedings, a five-judge larger bench, headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Gulzar Ahmed and comprising justices Mushir Alam, Umar Ata Bandial, Ijaz ul Ahsan and Yahya Afridi, also ordered for a notice to be published for all those who were interested in joining the court proceedings. The apex bench asked all parties concerned to present a synopsis regarding their submission. Justice Afridi asked AGP Khan to satisfy the court regarding the maintainability of the presidential reference. “Why should the SC jump into the controversy?” he asked. Referring to the Charter of Democracy, in which political parties had agreed to end floor-crossing and corruption, Justice Ahsan asked the AGP why the government does not evolve a political consensus on the issue. Justice Ahsan asked the AGP if he wanted to know whether Senate election should be held under the constitution or law. He further inquired whether the method of National Assembly elections could also be changed through a simple law. The hearing was adjourned till January 11. Article 186 of the constitution states that “If, at any time, the President considers that it is desirable to obtain the opinion of the Supreme Court on any question of law which he considers of public importance, he may refer the question to the Supreme Court for consideration. “The Supreme Court shall consider a question so referred and report its opinion on the question to the President,” the article further stated.