“We are in an extraordinary situation in human history. Survival is hanging by a thread,” warns distinguished scholars during HU’s flagship Yohsin Lecture Series. Avram Noam Chomsky, an internationally recognized linguist, philosopher, social critic, and a political activist, delivered a thought-provoking lecture on December 7th as part of Habib University’s flagship Yohsin Lecture Series. Delivering the lecture titled ‘Bullet Dodged or Merely Delayed: Reflections on the Future of Democracy, Nuclear Proliferation and the Looming Environmental Catastrophe in a Post-Trumpian World,’ Professor Chomsky discussed the recent outcome of the US presidential elections, as well as the escalated nuclear threat, fading democracy and environmental catastrophe the world is facing today. Addressing some of the most crucial themes central to the 21st century, Dr. Chomsky highlighted the fourterminal threats to humanity: nuclear war, the environmental catastrophe, deterioration of worldwide democracy, and the recent Covid pandemic, and was of the view that the world is on the brink of catastrophe. He said, “The world is suffering from the pandemic severely, but it is the least of the four crises, we will emerge from the pandemic though at a terrible and unnecessary cost.” At the same time, he expressed his concern regarding the three other crucial threats, which are significantly changing the future dynamics of world politics. Professor Chomsky said that the world today facedan increasing and real threat of nuclear war, and that any such war would prove devastating for not only the countries involved, but the effects of the nuclear winter would spread to the rest of the world. Expressing his ideas on the neoliberal world order, expansion of American democracy in the post-World War II global dispensation, and the most recent mismanagement of the pandemic, Chomsky emphasized, “the present generation is facing questions that have never arisen in human history and will never arise again unless given an appropriate answer.” Dr. Chomsky was of the view that, “The crises that we face today – nuclear weapons, environmental catastrophe, destruction of democracy, pandemic … and many others – have solutions,” but “autocrats and demagogues”would never implement these solutions, and that “it has to be an engaged, informed public in a vibrant democracy” that will tackle these issues. He advised universities located in the global South to preserve a rational educational system that deals with the reality of the world. He lamented Pakistan’s drifting away from science, and urged for the sake of the country’s future, the incorporation of science into academics and the outlook of the world. The lecture was given as part of Habib University’s flagship Yohsin Lecture series. The Lecture series aims to bring to Pakistan leading international scholars who are changing the world by their excellent scholarly contributions, and engaging the community in thoughtful intellectual exploration.