Under Sudan’s merciless midday sun, an Ethiopian woman wearing a long white veil holds her hands up towards the sky in desperate prayer, her gaze fixed on a cross painted on a refugee church. She is among some 400 Orthodox Christian believers attending the biggest mass at Jibreel (Gabriel) church since it reopened just over a week ago to refugees at Um Raquba camp near the border with Ethiopia, where fighting broke out in the northern Tigray region in November. She and other prayer-goers weep silently as the priest leads a solemn litany for peace and for the right to return home. “I keep praying day and night so that peace returns to our country, so that we can all go back… and live in peace and harmony,” the priest, Abba Gabrielmaskal Admasu, tells AFP after the mass. First famine, now war Admasu explains that this is not the first time the church has held mass for refugees, and that it was built in 1979 by Ethiopian migrants. Among those attending the latest mass are some who remember finding refuge in Um Raquba from the mid-1980s Ethiopian famine that killed hundreds of thousands of people — one of the worst humanitarian catastrophes of the 20th century. In the year 2000, with most Ethiopian refugees having returned to their homeland, the camp and the church closed down. Then, just over a month ago, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched military operations in Tigray, saying they targeted the leaders of its ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). Since then, more than 48,000 Ethiopians have sought refuge in a string of camps dotting the eastern Sudanese border area, including Um Raquba, according to the United Nations refugee agency. With over 95 percent of Tigrayan Ethiopians hailing from the Orthodox Christian faith, the priest, Admasu, decided to reopen the Jibreel church’s doors. “Nobody likes to stay in a foreign country,” he says, because being a refugee means “you don’t have your freedom… and you have no right to move freely because you are under protection”. “What is very important for us now is peace, because we have everything in our country. But now, we lost everything, including our beautiful culture,” he adds.