The United Nations human rights office on Tuesday voiced concern over growing instances of threats of violence against journalists and human rights activists in Pakistan, calling upon the government to take ‘immediate, concrete steps’ to ensure their protection. The UN rights office said it had followed ‘with increasing concern’ numerous cases of incitement to violence – online and offline – against journalists and human rights defenders in the country, particularly against women and minorities. At a press briefing in Geneva, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Rupert Colville pointed out that last month, a number of Pakistani women journalists and commentators in a joint statement had warned of a ‘coordinated campaign’ of social media attacks against anyone who was critical of government policies. Colville termed as ‘especially worrying’ accusations of blasphemy levelled against some activists, saying such allegations can put individuals at ‘imminent risk of violence’. Citing an example, the spokesperson said a female activist had recently been accused of blasphemy on social media and police complaints were filed against her after a tweet. He noted that the activist had received numerous messages with ‘highly derogatory and violent language’, including gender-based slurs and death threats, and her personal details were also revealed on Twitter.The UN statement comes after Amnesty International on August 25 raised concerns over what it termed an ‘alarming uptick in blasphemy accusations across Pakistan’. It said recent incidents indicated that the blasphemy law was being used to target artists, human rights defenders and journalists, besides the marginalised sections of society. According to the UN spokesperson, last year, at least four journalists and bloggers were killed in Pakistan in connection with their reporting, including Arooj Iqbal, a woman who was shot dead in Lahore as she tried to launch her own local newspaper. He highlighted the killing over last weekend of journalist Shaheena Shaheen, who was shot dead at her home in Turbat area of Balochistan’s Kech district.