Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi on Monday warned that the effectiveness of the post-World War international structures was eroding and states would have to rely on their own strengths and take bold steps to rectify historic mistakes. He said this at an international webinar hosted by Islamabad Policy Institute (IPI) on ‘Annexation of Occupied Jammu and Kashmir by India: Lessons for regional security’. The participants of the webinar were from Occupied Kashmir, China, Turkey, Iran, Bangladesh, and Nepal, in addition to local think tanks and scholars. “This world is more uncertain, less predictable, and for these reasons, perhaps more dysfunctional. The buffers and support systems of international organizations and international law, that helped buttress the post-World War growth and prosperity may no longer deliver desired outcomes,” Qureshi said.He said, “States will increasingly be left to fall back upon their own devices and bank upon their own strengths. While challenges will persist, there are now opportunities and the necessary political space to take bold steps to correct past mistakes”. “In an Asian century, we will have to rely on the traditional Asian wisdom, to illuminate the way forward,” the foreign minister further said and called on the world to take a leaf from Pakistan’s four-point roadmap for dealing with India on Kashmir issue. The roadmap includes confronting, exposing and pushing back against India; deterring its expansionist designs; “dousing the fire”; and adapting to allow regional integration from being held hostage by India.Federal Minister for Human Rights Dr. Shireen Mazari said annexation of an internationally recognized disputed territory is a war crime, while changing demography in an occupied region is yet another war crime. She warned the international community against the dangerous implications of pursuing a policy of appeasement towards Modi and compared it with the British appeasement of Hitler’s regime. She proposed several steps for strengthening Pakistan’s Kashmir diplomacy, which included greater emphasis on lawfare, highlighting crimes against women and children, greater appeal to international women NGOs, and seeking establishment of an independent commission to probe the human rights violations in Occupied Kashmir.Dr Mazari advocated exploring the possibility of Kashmiris raising their humanitarian concerns at international criminal court. She further suggested taking a fresh look at the ‘Good Friday Agreement’ as a possible model for conflict resolution and promoting Kashmiri culture of resistance.Prof Ye Hailin, Director China Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), questioned the contemporary relevance of the 1906 Beijing Treaty between Qing dynasty and the British Empire in 1906 regarding the demarcation of the borders. He expressed deep concern regarding the Indian mindset and ideology and its behavior towards other states.Amb. Ali Sarwar Naqvi, Executive Director Center for International Strategic Studies, Islamabad, endorsed the Chinese scholar and stated that China did not accept the treaties signed under duress during British empire. He was not optimistic about the prospects of crisis management in the region.Dr Hüseyin Ba?c?, President of Foreign Policy Institute Ankara, said unfortunately economic and political considerations of major power and Islamic countries prevented them from a more pro-active role towards Kashmir issue. However, he promised a complete support for the Kashmir cause from the Turkish nation.Dr Foad Izadi, a faculty member at University of Tehran, cautioned against the negative implications of the growing US-Israel-India nexus for critical issues for the Muslim world including Kashmir and Palestine. This nexus, according to him, aims to divide and weaken the Muslim world by splitting it between Arabs and non-Arabs and pitting one against the other.Mohsen Rashid, former Executive President Gono Forum Dhaka, cited Article 25 of Bangladesh Constitution and said his country was constitutionally bound to support oppressed peoples.He argued that although Muslim world is blamed for using terrorism, but its real pioneer was Israel and India was learning tactics from it. He further stated Simla Agreement between India and Pakistan created more problems than solutions and told the Kashmiris that liberation is not achieved through dialogue, but through great sacrifices.Dr Manju Ratna Sakya, President of Nepal Journalists Association, proposed greater cooperation between Pakistan, China and Nepal against the common Indian threat. He congratulated Pakistan government on issuing a new political map.