International Monetary Fund (IMF) has predicted recovery in Pakistan’s economy during financial year 2021. In a report titled “Policy Actions Taken by Countries,” IMF said a gradual recovery is expected in Pakistan’s economy in Fiscal Year 2021 as the economy reopens. The report highlighted the measures taken by the present government to contain spread of COVID-19. According to this report, since mid-April, the federal government, in coordination with the provinces, has been gradually easing lockdown arrangements, by allowing ‘low-risk industries’ to restart operation and ‘small retail shops’ to reopen with newly developed Standard Operating Procedures. In addition, restrictions on domestic and international movements have been lifted and educational institutes are expected to restart on July 15. ‘Selective’ lockdown arrangements remain in place, through the closure of shops on weekends and the sealing of specific areas of high risk. A relief package worth Rs1.2 trillion was announced on March 24, which is now being implemented and will be pursued in the fiscal year 2020-21. The report then details various measures taken by both federal and provincial governments to ease the economic impact of this pandemic. Key measures by the federal government: elimination of import duties on emergency health equipment; cash transfers to 6.2 million daily wage workers, cash transfers to more than 12m low-income families; accelerated tax refunds to the export industry, out of which 65pc have already been disbursed, and financial support to SMEs and the agriculture sector. The report also mentions the provision of tax incentives to the construction sector to address the acute employment needs generated by the lockdowns. The provincial governments, according to this report, have been also implementing supportive fiscal measures, consisting of cash grants to the low-income households, tax relief and additional health spending.