The European Parliamentary Research Service has exposed India’s growing Hindu nationalist influence following second consecutive victory of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, terming it a serious challenge to the country’s democracy, secularism and economy. The European Parliament’s in-house think tank comprising parliamentary committees with independent and objective analysis, in its recently published report titled ‘Challenges facing India’s democracy and economy’ has highlighted India’s discriminatory treatment to minorities particularly Muslims through Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The report mentioned that “new legislation has prompted protests and divisions across India, as, according to both internal and external observers, citizenship would be determined along religious criteria, which risks undermining the country’s traditional secularism”. It said India’s plan to launch a national register of citizens has further increased the Muslim community’s fear of discrimination. Communal tensions flared into violence in late February 2020 in Delhi, claiming 53 lives. The report said communal violence in India has increased besides violence and discrimination against religious minorities. The 2019 World Press Freedom Index has highlighted violence against journalists as one of the most striking characteristics of the current state of press freedom in the country. The think-tank mentioned that in June 2018, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a report on Kashmir criticizing the excessive use of force by Delhi’s security forces in the Indian-administered part. The Bharatiya Janta Party has stepped several initiatives catering to its Hindu nationalist electoral base. A symbolic move was when in early August 2019, Jammu and Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state, was stripped of its autonomy through the repeal of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. The move was preceded by a vast deployment of troops to the state and the detention of thousands of political leaders and activists. Telephone and internet services were cut off. The report stressed that in most parts of the country, the narrative against the CAA is based on the government’s decision to grant citizenship along religious lines, which arguably undermines India’s secular tradition enshrined in the Constitution. Outright critics see the legislation as deliberately ‘anti-Muslim’. It recalled UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres echoing concerns with warning about the risk of statelessness in India. UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet Jeria filed an Intervention Application on the CAA to the Supreme Court; the latter is due to examine more than 160 CAA-related pleas. Chairman Kashmir Council European Union Ali Raza Syed welcomed the report highlighting the controversial policies of India targeting Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir. “The report is based on facts and truth, and exposes the oppression against Kashmiris going on since decades,” he said in a statement, urging the United Nations and European Union to take urgent notice of the brutalities committed by the Indian security forces. Since Jammu and Kashmir is a disputed territory, he said the international community should play its role to resolve the issue. Quoting Central Statistics Office, the European Parliament’s research report said the Indian economy was moving at a slower pace, the slowest growth rate since 2009. Disruption due to the outbreak of Covid-19 coronavirus led the State Bank of India to lower estimates for FY2020 to 4.1 percent growth and to a mere 1.1 percent for FY 2021. Job creation is lagging, in a country with 800,000 young people joining the labour force every month.