Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) maintained a profit of 45.9 percent in the first half of the financial sector 2019-20 with consistent growth in its businesses and operations.According to the financial results, the national flag carrier made a profit of Rs. 1.007 billion during the period of July to December 2019 as compared to Rs. 690 million recorded in the corresponding period of the financial year 2018-19. During the period the company made an operating profit of Rs. 1.68 billion whereas its expenses surged to over Rs. 532 million, including administrative and other expenses.The company’s earning per share also improved to Rs. 7.63 from Rs. 5.23. The growth in profitability came from increased revenues on the account of owned bulk carriers and owned tanker segment.The company’s revenue streams reduced due to a fall in the shipments of furnace oil which saw a reduction of import after the Government of Pakistan initiated a shift towards the use of alternative energy, which is cost-effective and environment-friendly as compared to furnace oil. The company managed to minimizes its exposure to exchange rate volatility as a result of effective treasury management.Effective utilization of resources and owing to the natural hedge by way of its operations.The finance cost of PNSC increased in the current period due to the financing of two new inductions of oil tankers in the managed fleet.This increase in finance cost was also kept low considering the prevailing borrowing rates in the country.Due to current global depression in commodity trade, the market will remain under significant pressure in the near term.The only consensus within the international shipping industry at present is that 2020 is expected to be a turbulent year with foreseeable challenges that will reshape the industry.Overall, shipping markets seem to be continuing to trend forwards, despite demand pressures.