The past week’s sudden surge in oil prices brought to mind the nightmare of shortages, but it’s not too likely motorists will be queueing to fill up around the world, analysts say. All it took was a September 14 strike on key oil infrastructure in Saudi Arabia to abruptly leave the world’s main supplier producing just half its normal amount. That sent the price of Brent crude flying 15 percent higher in a single day.The price on a barrel of crude has come back down since then and by Friday was trading around $65. Given the slowdown in the global economy and the abundance of crude produced worldwide, the prospect of a $100 barrel, for now, doesn’t look too likely.“In essence, the world is far better equipped to handle oil shocks than it was in the ’70s,” explained Harry Tchilinguirian, the head of commodity research at BNP Paribas. In 1973, after an embargo by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) against Israel’s allies in the midst of the Yom Kippur War, and in 1979, after the Iranian revolution, crude oil prices soared in just a few months, bringing developed economies to their knees.Reduced dependence“Currently, an oil shock would hardly have the same devastating effects” because countries grew accustomed to such events, economists at Commerzbank said in a note.On top of that, “central banks would not react to a supply shock with massive interest rate hikes to combat rising inflation,” they said.Most importantly, however, economies have reduced their dependence on oil.Consumption in the United States, for example, rose from 17.3 million barrels per day (mbd) in 1973 to 20.5 mbd in 2018, an increase of only 18 percent even as the country’s real gross domestic product jumped 230 percent.In Germany, households spent only 2.6 percent of their budget on fuel in 2018.Many economies have taken strides away from heavy oil consumption, thanks to transport and energy-efficient industries, and alternative sources such as natural gas or renewable energy.