LARKANA: In Larkana’s Ratodero district, 13 children have tested positive for human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) .The head of the Peoples Primary Health Initiative in Jacobabad – pathologist Dr. Abdul Hazeef revealed to a private news source that in the last month the blood samples of 16 children for HIV testing were sent to PPHI Sindh Laboratory. “Sixteen of the thirteen children have tested positive for HIV. The children are between the ages of four months and eight years,” Dr Abdul Hafeez said.Dr Hazeef added that a detailed report would be sent to the Director General (DG) Health after further tests are carried out. Dr. Sikander Memon, in-charge of the Aids Control Programme in Sindh, has informed that tests for the HIV positive children and their parents would be retaken immediately.“Often these laboratories use kits from China which have a tendency to give false positive results. To verify these results we will use the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommend kits. If there is an issue then we will know about it today or tomorrow,” Dr. Memon said. Dr. Memon estimated that there were over 100,000 HIV positive people in Sindh, however, the Aids Control Programme has only 10,350 registered patients who are provided treatment.“There isn’t a shortage of medicine and under the programme, specific groups are given preference,” Dr. Memon said. With more than 2400 HIV cases, Larkana district continues to top the list of HIV cases in Sindh.AIDS claimed a million lives in 2016, almost half the 2005 toll that marked the peak of the deadly epidemic, according to a UN report published on July 20, 2017. Experts warned, however, that much of the progress can be undone by growing resistance to HIV drugs.According to the World Health Organization (WHO), unless something is done, drug-resistant virus strains may infect an extra 105,000 people and kill 135,000 over the next five years, and boost treatment costs by $650 million (560 million euros).The report said AIDS-related deaths have fallen from 1.9 million in 2005 to one million in 2016, adding that “for the first time the scales have tipped.”The year 2016 saw 1.8 million new infections, almost half the record number of some 3.5 million in 1997, said UN-AIDS.In total, 76.1 million people have been infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, since the epidemic started in the 1980’s, some 35 million have died.As yet, there is no HIV vaccine or cure, and infected people rely on lifelong anti-retro-viral therapy to stop the virus replicating.AIDS is a syndrome that weakens the immune system and leaves the body exposed to opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis, and some types of cancer. It is developed by HIV-infected people if not treated.Treatment carries side effects and is costly, but allows infected people to live for a little longer.