The $10 billion fine slapped on Pakistan by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the “Tethyan Copper versus Pakistan” case is a nuclear bomb, which can have its consequences [on the country], a Supreme Court of Pakistan (SCP) justice remarked on Wednesday. “This fine is not against a provincial institution but the country,” Justice Munib Akhtar said during the hearing of the presidential reference on Reko Diq. A five-member larger bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Justice Umar Ata Bandial and comprising Justice Ijazul Ahsan, Justice Muneeb Akhtar, Justice Yahya Afridi, and Justice Jamaal Khan Mandokhel heard the case. President Arif Alvi – on the advice of Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif – had filed the reference last month to seek the SC’s opinion on the Reko Diq settlement agreement. Referring to the Supreme Court’s 2013 judgement in the Reko Diq case that purportedly nullified the earlier agreement, Additional Attorney-General (AAG) Chaudhry Aamir Rehman said that had the matter of relaxing the rules been in the previous agreement the court would not have declared it null and void. To this Justice, Munib said Reko Diq and other mining-related rules were a prerogative of provinces. “Is the federation authorised to amend the provincial laws? Did the Balochistan government soften the rules for the foreign mining companies?” Chief Justice Bandial asked the AAG, who said they did. The CJP suggested the formation of a consultative meeting to monitor all the matters regarding the agreement. “Despite investing a billion rupees in the Reko Diq project the federation handed over the powers to the government of Balochistan.” The attorney-general assured the court that great transparency and efficiency would be ensured in handling the matters related to Reko Diq. To this, the CJP said the level of transparency could be measured by the fact that “the Cabinet [sometimes] approves some files even without opening them”. Moreover, Justice Yahya asked as the international agreements were a matter of federation, could provinces interfere in them? CJP Bandial added that in the Supreme Court’s 2013 ruling there was no mention of the international company’s corruption.